Due to an erroneous eye-witness account, Abner Doubleday is given credit for establishing the first baseball game is played in America. The Hall of Fame, which opens a century later in Cooperstown, celebrates the orgin of our national pastime in this small upstate New York town although it is doubtful the West Point cadet was ever there or ever watched a baseball game.
At the Worcester Agriculture Fairgrounds, Lee Richmond pitches the first perfect game, beating Cleveland, 4-0. The 23-year old rookie southpaw threw a no-hitter in a collegiate exhibition against the White Stockings last season.
Eight different Highlanders commit a total of eleven errors en route to a 16-4 loss to Detroit. Shortstop Kid Elberfeld commits four of the fielding miscues in the contest played in New York's American League Park.
Lou Gehrig collects fourteen total bases when he blasts two triples and two homers. The Yankee first baseman's offensive lead the Bronx Bombers to a 15-7 win over the Chicago at Comiskey Park.
With much of its funding provided by the Clark Foundation, a charitable organization established by the Singer Sewing Machine Company, the Baseball Hall of Fame is dedicated in Cooperstown, the site selected due to an erroneous report made that claimed Abner Doubleday had invented the game in the small town located in upstate New York. Players selected from the first four Hall of Fame induction elections are enshrined as its first members.
In front of a record crowd of 23,864 fans at Ruppert Stadium, Lou Gehrig plays his last game as a Yankee during an exhibition game against the Kansas City Blues, their AA farm team. Playing only three innings and batting eighth, the 'Iron Horse' grounds out weakly to second base in his only at-bat.
In a trade which stuns the baseball world, the Dodgers obtain Ducky Medwick and pitcher Curt Davis from the Cardinals for outfielder Ernie Koy, pitcher Carl Doyle, two minor leaguers and $125,000. The deal signals the emergence of Brooklyn as a serious contender.
The Braves break up the Waners' brother act, sending Lloyd, known as 'Little Poison', to the Reds for pitcher Johnny Hutchings. 'Big Poison' Paul, the older sibling, will stay in Boston.
After piloting the team for 13 seasons, Charlie Grimm ends his tenure as the Braves manager by splitting a doubleheader with the Cubs. The 19,802 fans in attendance at Braves Field give the skipper, who will stay in the organization as Boston's vice-president, a long standing ovation when he takes up his position in the third base coaching box for the last time.
Braves' right-hander Jim Wilson beats future Hall of Famer Robin Roberts when he no-hits the Phillies, 2-0. The one hour and forty-three minute contest at County Stadium, the major league's only no-no this season, is the first for the franchise since the team relocated from Boston following the 1952 season.
The Indians (35-17) move into first place when Bob Feller gets his 2,500th career strikeout in the Tribe's 4-3 victory over Boston at Fenway Park. Rapid Rob will finish his 18-year major league career striking out 2,581 hitters, an average of more than six batters a game.
Stan Musial breaks the National League record for endurance when he plays in his 823rd consecutive-game. The previous mark was established in 1937 by Pirates first baseman Gus Suhr.
Eddie Mathews hits his 200th career home run in the Braves' 11-9 loss to Brooklyn at Ebbets Field. The Milwaukee third baseman is the second youngest player to reach the plateau, being 98 days older than Mel Ott, who accomplished the feat at the age of 25 years and 144 days.
Despite giving up a hit in the bottom of the sixth in the Giants' 3-0 victory over Philadelphia, Mike McCormick is credited with a no-hitter when the game is rained out and the inning is never completed, statistically erasing the hit. The right-hander's five-inning rain-shortened no-no will be taken out of the record book due to a rule change in 1991 that mandates a game must last for at least nine innings for the hitless effort to be called an official no-hitter.
In the Braves' 15-2 rout of LA at County Stadium, the Aaron brothers both homer in the same game with Tommie connecting in the bottom of the eighth after his older bother Hank had hit one out in the second. The Milwaukee teammates will also accomplish the feat on July 12 and August 14.
In his ninth at bat, All-star backstop Paul Casanova, after catching the entire game and going 0-for-8, ends the 22-inning contest when he singles to left field scoring Hank Allen with the winning run in the Senators' 6-5 victory over the White Sox at D.C. Stadium. The six hours, 38 minute marathon, which ends at 2:43 in the morning, results in the American League adopting a curfew stating that no inning may begin an hour after midnight.
Dock Ellis throws a 2-0 no-hitter against the Padres in San Diego during the first game of a twin bill. The former Pirates' right-hander, who became an advocate of anti-drug programs, claims he was under the influence of LSD while tossing the most memorable game in his career.
The Mets enjoy the most productive inning in franchise history when ten runners cross the plate in the sixth fame of their 12-6 victory over the Reds at Shea Stadium. The highlight of the double-digit deluge is Doug Flynn's three-run inside-the-park home run.
The Tigers hire Sparky Anderson as their new manager, replacing the recently fired Les Moss. The former Cincinnati skipper will spend 17 seasons in Detroit, compiling a 1331-1248 record, and will capture a World Championship in 1984.
Major League Baseball experiences its first in-season work stoppage. The 50-day strike, which will end on July 31, results in 712 games not being played.
Recently-elected Hall of Famers Charlie Gehringer and Hank Greenberg have their uniform numbers retired by the Tigers in a pre-game ceremony. The digits #2 and #5 respectively will join Al Kaline's #6 (1980) as the only numbers retired in franchise history.
Before the game against the Giants, Dale Murphy visits with a six-year old in the stands who recently lost both arms and a leg due to a power line accident and is asked by the girl's nurse if he could hit a home run for the injured child. The outfielder modestly answers "Well, Okay", and then proceeds to hit two homers in the 3-2 Braves victory at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.
Mike Scott's attempt for his second career no-hitter is spoiled with two outs in the ninth inning by Braves infielder Ken Oberkfell's line drive single down the right field line. The right-hander, who settles for a 5-0 one-hitter, tossed a no-no in 1986 which clinched the National League West Division for the Astros.
Cal Ripken plays in his 1,308th consecutive game, moving into second-place on the all-time list ahead of former Yankee and Red Sox shortstop Everett Scott (1918-1925).
Marge Schott is forced to relinquish her role as managing general partner of the Reds for two years due to her questionable comments about Hitler. The Cincinnati owner, in an interview last month with ESPN, stated "Everybody knows [Hitler] was good at the beginning, but he just went too far."
After 126 years of major league play, the first interleague game in history is played when the Giants defeat the Rangers, 4-3, at the Ballpark in Texas. Glenallen Hill becomes the National League's first regular season designated hitter.
In a 22-1 inter-league rout of the Braves, Cal Ripken becomes the first Oriole to go 6-for-6 as Baltimore scores the most runs in their franchise history. The team, as the St. Louis Browns, had set the previous mark on Aug. 18, 1951 tallying twenty times.
The pitching poor Rangers trade backup backstop Doug Mirabelli to the Red Sox for Double-A Trenton right-handed pitcher Justin Duchscherer (6-3, 2.44). Mirabelli will help fill the void created last week when Boston's starting catcher Jason Varitek broke his right elbow.
In the third inning of the Padres' 2-0 victory over Baltimore at Camden Yards, Brian Lawrence strikes out the side on nine pitches, with only one being a called strike. The 26-year old right-hander becomes the 36th pitcher in baseball history to accomplish the feat when he whiffs Brook Fordyce, Jerry Hairston and Melvin Mora, who all go down swinging.
In interleague action, Barry Bonds (675) of the Giants and Orioles first baseman Rafael Palmeiro (536 and 537 to pass Mickey Mantle) both homer in a 9-6 San Francisco victory at Camden Yards. The sluggers join Willie Mays and Ernie Banks (1970) and Mays and Hank Aaron (1971) as only the third pair in baseball history to have 500 career home runs and connect in the same game.
Hee-Seop Choi homers in his first three at-bats in the Dodgers' 4-3 victory over Minnesota. The southpaw-swinging first baseman's solo shot in the sixth off Brad Radke, who also gave up the infielder's first two home runs, proves to be the difference in the Chavez Ravine contest.
After hitting .625 (15-for-24), Joe Mauer is named the American League player of the week. The 23-year old Twins catcher becomes one of the very few players in baseball history to reach base four times in five consecutive games.
Using a 102-mph fastball and an untouchable curveball, 24 year-old right-hander Justin Verlander strikes out a career-high 12 batters en route to throwing a no-hitter against Milwaukee. The 4-0 hitless gem, which features several outstanding defensive plays from his Tiger teammates, is the first no-no thrown at Detroit's Comerica Park.
During a 10-2 rout of Philadelphia at Fenway Park, Daniel Nava hits a grand slam on the first pitch he sees as a major leaguer. The Red Sox left fielder, recently called up from Triple-A Pawtucket, hits his bases loaded round-tripper in the second inning off Joe Blanton to become only the second player in big league history to accomplish the feat, joining Kevin Kouzmanoff, who went yard with the bases juiced with Cleveland in 2004.
Alex Rodriguez ties Lou Gehrig's 74 year-old major league record when he hits his 23rd career grand slam in a 6-4 victory over Atlanta at Turner Field. The Yankee third baseman's historic homer over the left field fence comes off an eighth-inning 3-2 pitch thrown by Jonny Venters, tying the game at 4-4.